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4 : 4 : 4

No compression and transports both luminescence and color data entirely

4 : 2 : 2

Half the sampling rate horizontally, but will maintain full sampling vertically.

4 : 2 : 0

Sample colors out of half the pixels on the first row and ignores the second row of the sample completely.

  • ProRes 4444 (HD)
  • DNxHD 444
  • Cineform 12-bit HD
  • Uncompressed HD 10-bit 4:4:4
  • ProRes 422 HD, UHD, HQ &┬áLT
  • DNxHD & DNxHR
  • Cineform 10-bit HD & UHD
  • h.264 HD & UHD

What is color?

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RGB

Red, Green, Blue

This is a additive color created from light emitting pixels
Example: TV, Monitors, phones, etc
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CMYK

Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, BlacK

*Key is also used to avoid confusion with blue in RGB

This is a subtractive color created from pigments
Example: Magazines, books, comic, etc
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Computers

How does a computer see color?

Because computers are based on math all calculations are done in linear space.

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Humans

How do humans see color?

Humans tend to see more colors in a mid range. We tend to see less dark and bright colors

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Printers

How do printers see color?

Printers put color to paper via Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and blacK ink.

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