101 – Formats

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Bit formats

Bit’s Bytes Bit Depth Possible RGB channels Supported Files Best use as
1 bit 2 1 2 (black or white) n/a Black or white
2 bit 4 2 4 icons n/a
4 bit 16 16 4,098 bmp Windows Programs
8 bit 256 24 16.78 Million jpeg, gif, tga Web, Textures, Games
8 bit (w/ Alpha) 256 32 16.78 Million tga, png Web, Textures, Games
10 bit 1,024 40 1.07 Billion dpx, cin Film, Color Grading, TV Productions
12 bit 4,095 48 68.68 Billion cr2 (Canon) Photography, TV Productions
14 bit 16,384 56 4.39 Trillion raw (Nikon) Photography
16 bit 65,532 64 281 Trillion psd, ong, tif, exr (half), dpx, cin Print Images, 3d, Compositing
32 bit 4,294,967,296 128 80 Octillion exr, hdr 3D, HDR & Compositing

Image formats

File Type Bits Bytes Bit Depth Possible RGB channels Gamma Best use as
jpg 8 256 24 16.78 Million sRGB Web, Office apps
bmp 4 16 16 4,098 sRGB Windows Programs
gif 8 256 24 16.78 Million sRGB Web
png 8 256 24 16.78 Million sRGB Web
png 16 16,384 64 281 Trillion sRGB Games
tga 8 256 32 16.78 Million sRGB Textures & Games
dpx 10 1,024 40 1.07 Billion log Film
cin 10 1,024 40 1.07 Billion log Film
cr2 12 4,095 48 68.68 Billion log Photographs
raw 14 16,384 56 4.39 Trillion log Photographs
psd 8,16,32 16,384 ? 4.39 Trillion n/a Production, Design
tiff 8,16 16,384 ? 4.39 Trillion sRGB Production, Photos, Print
exr (half) 16 16,384 64 281 Trillion Linear 3d & Comp
exr (full) 32 4.2 Billion 128 80 Octillion Linear 3d & Comp
hdr 32 4.2 Billion 128 80 Octillion Linear 3d

Displays & Monitor

Bits FRC Bytes Bit Depth Display Colors Color Space Panel Model/ Type
8 bit (6 bit + FRC) 256 18 16.78 Million 99% sRGB IPS 34UM67-P Monitor
10 bit (8 bit + FRC) 1,024 30 1,07 Billion 99% sRGB IPS Dell p2415q Monitor
10 bit No 1,024 30 1,07 Billion 99% AdobeRGB

100% sRGB

IPS Benq SW271
10 bit No 1,024 30 1,07 Billion P3 wide IPS Pro Display XDR
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